Complementary medicines may also be called 'traditional' or 'alternative' medicines and include items such as vitamins, minerals, herbal products, aromatherapy and homoeopathic products. Many of the products available in pharmacies, supermarkets or health food outlets have limited evidence of efficacy. There is some evidence of efficacy for some complementary medicines, however this may be formulation and dose dependent, and health practitioners are encouraged to seek this information before recommending such products.
- Pharmaceutical Society of Australia (2012). Australian pharmaceutical formulary and handbook: the everyday guide to pharmacy practice (22nd ed). Pharmaceutical Society of Australia, Deakin West, ACT
- Pharmacy Board Guidelines on Practice Specific Issues: 5. Complementary and alternative medicines. https://www.pharmacyboard.gov.au/codes-guidelines.aspx
- Cochrane collaboration – Systematic reviews. https://www.cochrane.org/ Some examples are:
- Abdelhamid AS, Brown TJ, Brainard JS, et al. Omega‐3 fatty acids for the primary and secondary prevention of cardiovascular disease. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2018, Issue 7. Art. No.: CD003177. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD003177.pub3.
- Flowers N, Hartley L, Todkill D, et al. Co‐enzyme Q10 supplementation for the primary prevention of cardiovascular disease. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2014, Issue 12. Art. No.: CD010405. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD010405.pub2.
- Geng J, Dong J, Ni H, et al. Ginseng for cognition. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2010, Issue 12. Art. No.: CD007769. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD007769.pub2.
- Braun LA, Tiralongo E, Wilkinson JM, et al. Perceptions, use and attitudes of pharmacy customers on complementary medicines and pharmacy practice. BMC Complement Altern med. 2010 Jul 20;10(1):1-7
- Popattia AS, Winch S, Caze AL. Ethical responsibilities of pharmacists when selling complementary medicines: a systematic review. International Journal of Pharmacy Practice. 2018 Apr 1;26(2):93-103
- Ung COL, Harnett J, Hu H. Community pharmacist’s responsibilities with regards to traditional medicine/complementary medicine products: A systematic literature review. Research in Social and Administrative Pharmacy. 2017 Jul 1;13(4):686-716